Eight ancient maps show China without Paracel Islands

VietNamNet Bridge – A map drawn by Chinese prior to 1909, Hainan Island is China’s southern-most island. Meanwhile, in European maritime maps, Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) Islands belonged to Vietnam.

Old western maps: Hoang Sa, Truong Sa belong to Vietnam

Truong Sa, Hoang Sa not belong to China: 1904 Chinese map

In early 2012, Hoang Sa Island District (Da nang city) cooperated with the Da nang Museum, to publish the Hoang Sa Yearbook. The 200-page book including four parts: Hoang Sa belongs to Vietnam, State management over Hoang Sa District, Hoang Sa and historical evidences, Da nang people’s feelings about Hoang Sa.

The yearbook also consists of historical evidences of Vietnam’s sovereignty over Hoang Sa and stories of 24 witnesses who used to live and work on the islands in the 50s-70s.

A map in the Yuan Dynasty, drawn in 1561, China’s southernmost land was Hainan Island and it did not have Paracel and Spratly Islands.
In the historical book of the Ming Dynasty, published in 1461, the first volume demonstrated China without Paracel and Spratly Islands.
Another Chinese map drawn in 1653 also demonstrated China with Hainan Island as its southernmost land.
A map of the Qing Dynasty, in 1862, did not have Paracel and Spratly Islands.
A map of Guangdong province in 1897, foreword by the Guangdong Governor, demonstrated no islands in the province.

A Qing Dynasty’s map in 1909 also showed Hainan as China’s southernmost land.
The map noting the distance from the nearest islands from the Paracel Islands to the nearest islands to the shore (Southeast Asian maps – National Geographic Society – Washington 1968).
In an European maritime map of the 15-16th centuries, Paracel and Spratly Islands were Vietnam’s territories.
Bản đồ Đông Dương của Danvilleen vẽ năm 1735 cũng thể hiện rõ hai quần đảo Hoàng Sa và Trường Sa thuộc lãnh thổ Việt Nam.
Danvilleen’s Indochina map in 1735 also demonstrated that Paracel and Spratly Islands belonged to Vietnam.