Last update 6/20/2012 11:49:40 AM (GMT+7)

Vietnam bans under-18s from smoking
The law against harmful effects of tobacco passed by the National Assembly (NA) yesterday prohibits people under the age of 18 from smoking and trading in cigarettes.

The new law will take effect from May 1, 2013. Violations of the smoking ban in public places will be strictly handled by the Ministry of Public Security.

The law also regulates the establishment of an anti-tobacco harm fund under the Ministry of Health and financially managed by the Ministry of Finance.

Tobacco producers and importers will have to make compulsory contributions equivalent to 1% of special sales tax from May 1, 2013, 1.5% from May 1, 2016 and 2% from May 1, 2019.

The NA yesterday also passed four other laws – the Deposit Insurance Law, the Anti-Money Laundering Law, the Higher Education Law and the amended Labor Code.

A new feature of the Labor Code is that female employees can take maternity leave for six months, instead of the current four.

In case a female worker has twin or multiple pregnancy, she can have one more month off for each additional child. Prenatal leave is not allowed to exceed two months.

Overtime hours are guaranteed not to exceed 50% of the official hours a day. With the weekly working mode applied, the total number of normal working hours and overtime hours must be less than 12 hours a day, excluding some special cases stipulated by the Government.

The amended Labor Code will come into force on May 1, 2013.

The Deposit Insurance Law approved by 92.99% of the NA deputies present yesterday regulates that only deposits by individuals and deposits in Vietnam Dong are covered by insurance.

Locations where smoking is banned

1. Locations where both indoor and on-campus smoking is banned:

a) Healthcare facilities;

b) Educational institutions, with some exceptions;

c) Child care and entertainment facilities;

d) Facilities with high risk of fi re or explosion.

2. Locations where indoor smoking is banned:

a) Workplaces;

b) Colleges, universities and academies;

c) Public places, with some exceptions