Last update 10/28/2010 8:00:00 AM (GMT+7)

Vietnam moves up in corruption ranking

VietNamNet Bridge – The Transparency International (TI) on October 26 released its 2010 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI). Vietnam ranks 116th out of 178 countries and territories, with 2.7/10 points.

A dialogue between Vietnam and international donors on corruption.

TI developed the CPI in 1995. The index ranks nations on the prevalence of corruption within each country, based on surveys of business people. Since then, the CPI has been published annually. This year the report covers 178 countries and territories. The index uses the scale from zero (serious corruption) to ten (clean).

The TI’s result for Vietnam is similar to the appraisal of Vietnamese experts. Compared to the 2009 survey, the score for Vietnam in 2010 has not changed (2.7 points). In terms of ranking, Vietnam moved four places up (from 120/180 countries last year). However, this is not indicative of actual change because the number of countries in the TI ranking changes annually.

To be named in the TI ranking, countries must be evaluated in terms of the prevalence of corruption by at least three international sources. Vietnam’s ranking in the TI survey is defined based on nine sources: the World Bank (WB), the World Economic Forum (WEF), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Bertelsmann Foundation (BF), the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), the Global Index (GI), and the Political and Economic Risk Consultancy (PERC). Vietnam’s lowest index for corruption is 1.9, marked by the EIU and highest index is 4, marked by the ADB.

The three “cleanest” countries this year, with 9.3 points each, are Denmark, New Zealand and Singapore, followed by Finland and Sweden, with 9.2 points each.

Iraq (1.5 points), Afghanistan and Myanmar (1.4 points) and Somalia (1.1 points) rank at the bottom.

There are three Asian countries and territories in the top 20 countries: Singapore, Hong Kong (13th) and Japan (17th). China is ranked 79th, with 3.5 points.

Compared with other Southeast Asian countries, Vietnam ranks in the middle. “Cleaner” countries include Singapore (1st), Brunei (28th), Malaysia (56th), Thailand (78th) and Indonesia (110th).

Up to three fourths of the countries in this list have scores below 5.

Khanh Linh